Sunday, December 30, 2007

Bamboo and its uses

Some of the uses of Bamboo plants that have been found in Pakistan, mainly Punjab.

Arundinaria falcata: It is used for making baskets, mats and pipes.
Bambusa bambos: This species is extensively used for construction.
B. multiplex: It is found in the plains of Punjab is a hedge bamboo.
Dendrocalamus strictus: It is used for construction and a variety of purposes.
Dendrocalamus hamiltonii: It is used for construction and ladder manufacturing and scaffoldings.
Bambusa tulda: It is used for construction purposes.

Citrus Fruits in Pakistan

Pakistan is the sixth largest producer of Kinow (mandarin) and oranges in the world,and it is also the largest producer of 'Citrus Reticula' variety (Kinow), this unique variety of citrus is indigenous to this part of the world. The exact location of origin of citrus fruits is not clearly identified, although most researchers place it in South-East Asia, at least 4000 years BC. For further information on it, read the comprehensive notes on Citrus of Pakistan, here in Pakissan.

Raat ki rani

Cestrum nocturnum is known as Night-blooming Cestrum, Lady of the Night, Queen of the Night, and Night-blooming Jasmine. Also known as Raat ki Rani (princess of the night), in Urdu language.

It is found in my garden and its scent is released at night. It serves as an ornamental plant because of its strongly-scented flowers.

Saturday, December 29, 2007

Bamboo species in Pakistan

Bamboo plantations have been raised in Sargodha, Mandi Bhaudin, Kasur, Lahore, Khusab and Jhang areas of Punjab province. Most of the plantations have been raised under agro-forestry system on private farms. I have also seen Bamboo Plants on my way to Burewala.

Here is a list of 16 bamboo species that are found in the country,

1: Dendrocalamus strictus
2: Dendrocalamus giganteus
3: Dendrocalamus hamiltonii
4: Dendrocalamus longispathus
5: Melocanna bambusides
6: Arundinaria falcata
7: Bambusa arundinacea
8: Bambusa tulda
9: Bambusa polymorpha
10: Bambusa vulgaris
11: Bambusa nutans
12: Phyllostachys aurea.
13: Phyllostachys pubescens
14: Phyllostachys aureosulcata
15: Bambusa bambos
16: B. multiplex

It is said that the bamboo plant reflects the strength, determination and courage of the Asian people.Its much exalted qualities are resilience, versatility, durability and usefulness.

Cultivation of bamboo crop

BAMBOO plants are of grass family tribe. These are grown in warm or tropical regions where they are extremely important. The common bamboo is Bambusa arundincenia. These are most abundant in the East Asian region. Many species, at times reach the height of 100ft. The stalks are round, jointed and hollow or solid of deciduous leaves. Some types of bamboo die after flowering and some do not flower until they are about 30 years old.

This plant perhaps renders maximum service to man as compared to others. In many places, bamboo is used as wood, for house construction, scaffolding, furniture, utensils, fibre, paper, food, ladders, fencing, containers, tool handles, pipes, toys, musical instruments, handicrafts, fuel and innumerable small articles of everyday use.

Its sprouts are eaten as vegetable, and the grains of some species are also utilized as food. The bamboo has long been used for decorative purposes, both in gardens and in art. As a result of modern technological advances, new uses of bamboo and its products are also being explored such as the use to reinforce cement concrete, in medicines, charcoal, and bacteria culture.

The plant is the world’s tallest grass. In the Philippines, the bamboo becomes an important cooking ingredient, either in the (tender) shoot stage or as a fully grown plant. The tender shoots are sliced into strips and stir fried along with the requisite spices; an “adobo” version also is available.

When the tender shoot grows into the adult stage, the hollow “stems” toughen, but are easy to cut or sliced with a sharp knife or saw. However, very mature bamboo “stems” thicken and become tough even more; these are used in the construction industry and in Philippines culinary arts.

Bamboo is useful all over the world in one form or the other. In ancient times, huts, cots and cudgels were made of it. Many things still are being produced from its wood. These include brooms, baskets and tea cups. The plant flourishes in both hot and damp climates.

It grows well in jungles, situated adjacent to sea, rivers and marshy lands. Before 1971, all the requirements of bamboo were brought to Pakistan from the Eastern Wing (now Bangladesh. Now, it is imported either from some other Asian countries.

Most bamboos are grown in a moderately acidic loamy soil. It is a forest plant and does best if organic matter is kept over the roots and rhizomes. Any kind of manure is good, if it is not too hot. It can be planted at any time of the year in areas with mild climates. The plants need extra protection from cold and dry winds. In very light soils, the bamboo rhizomes are usually grown well.

Any soil amendments must be added only in the top foot or so. We must not encourage deep rhizome growth, if we want to contain the bamboo. If the planting is surrounded by a shallow trench eight to 10 inches deep, this can be a cheaper and easier method to control it’s spread.

Bamboo is also being grown in Sargodha, Faisalabad, Jhang and other districts of Punjab on commercial scale. Plants are seen in gardens but their cultivation as a crop has not been successful. Moreover, bamboo is harmful to fruit trees as it is basically a bush.

In fact, bamboo should be grown in damp and sandy land. The country abounds in streams, rivers, canals and ponds around which we find mushrooms growth of sarkandas. We can cultivate bamboo in place of it under the supervision of forestry experts.

The forest experts should undertake a survey of different areas to identify the places suitable for bamboo cultivation. Then, the farmers may be induced to undertake cultivation and provided with necessary facilities.

Bamboo like other plants requires some pruning to maintain its attractiveness. Bamboo culms live only to about 15 years. Once each year we should remove older unattractive culms and cut off any dead or unattractive branches.

We can prune bamboo without fear of damaging. We may cut just above a node, so as not to leave a stub that will die back and look unsightly. If we cut back the top, we may want to also shorten some of the side branches so the plant will look more balanced, not leaving long branches at the top.

The research areas such as growth behaviour, fertilizer response to yield and quality, the development of appropriate technologies for harvesting, seasoning and various other aspects of planting geometry, methods of vegetative propagation, rational period, harvesting procedure and studies on pest and diseases of bamboo are suggested to follow.

Formation of bamboo policy regarding imports, establishment of bamboo raw material-based industries (after assessing local production) and possible subsidies in fertilizers and irrigation and water are further suggestions to encourage the cultivation of this crop.

Most large bamboo can grow quicker and do their best in full sun. They must be given ample water, fertilizer and protection from competitive weeds. They will benefit from a windscreen and light shade when first planted. This is especially true of smaller plants such as Fargesia, Thamnocalamus and Sasas.

In fact, the Fargesias and most Thamnocalamus are happier with some shade during the hottest part of the day. Fargesia and Thamnocalamus are the hardiest of the clump type bamboo. Most other hardy bamboo can spread by their underground rhizomes and this must be taken into account, when planting them.

Whenever, there is any deficiency symptom on the growth of bamboo tree, it must be sprayed with a suitable insecticide in order to control the symptom.

March 27, 2006 on Dawn

Wednesday, December 26, 2007

Old Banyan trees near Golra junction railway station

Pakistan Railways Heritage Museum is located at Golra junction railway station near Islamabad, some 1,994 feet above sea level, in the southeast of the Margalla Hills and east of the cradle of Gandhara civilization, the ancient city of Taxila.The station was established in 1882 and upgraded as junction in 1912, connecting Peshawar, Kohat and Havalian. The museum contains many heritage valuables but it lacks the necessary written information about the things put on display, their historic significance and the number of years they have been in use.

But this small classic railway station is very well maintained with all the surrounding area still reminding of the good old days and simple layout especially the majestic banyan trees guarding the main structure from both sides. The trunks of these Banyan trees are painted white. The trees not only provide the much-needed shade but also are home to a number of birds. The atmosphere is serene to the extent that one can sit under these trees throughout the day listening to the chirping birds and occasional typical song of doves.

The century old Banyan trees have been ignored at the heritage point even though they give a majestic look to the museum. Its a need to preserve them.

Buddhist banyan tree in Islamabad

There is a centuries old banyan tree standing in Sector E-7 of Islamabad. The tree is a sacred relic for Buddhists who believe that one of their great monks briefly stayed and worshiped in its shade and blessed it with long-lasting life. The tree was said to have some historic significance for Buddhists and attracted visitors and even tourists from Japan and South East Asia. But now it is noticed several times that some people tried to burn it and had chopped most of its branches. I have taken this bit of news from The daily Times and it is three years old news.

A quote for trees

Time-honored, beautiful, solemn and wise.
Noble, sacred and ancient
Trees reach the highest heavens and penetrate the deepest secrets of the earth.
Trees are the largest living beings on this planet.
Trees are in communion with the spiritual and the material.
Trees guard the forests and the sanctified places that must not be spoiled.
Trees watch over us and provide us with what we need to live on this planet.
Trees provide a focal point for meditation, enlightenment, guidance and inspiration.
Trees have a soul and a spirit.

- Tree Magick by Lavenderwater

A brief note on Unani Medicine

Unani Medicine is still common all over in Pakistan and for understanding the medicinal values of Plants, it is necessary for me to also compiled some information on Unani medicine. I have compiled this brief note from three comprehensive websites but the site i really want to mention here is Hamdard as it is the World's largest manufacturer of Unani Medicine in Pakistan.

Unani is Arabic for “Ionian,” which means “Greek.” It is a formal medicine that has been practiced for 6,000 years. Also known as “hikmat,”

'Tibb' means the knowledge of the states of the human body in health and decline of health, or in other words, medicine.

'Tibb-E-Unani', is hence an age old, time tested system of medicine dating back 5000 years to Greece.Unani Tibb Medicine was developed by the Greek physician Hippocrates (40 – 370 B.C.) from the medicine and traditions of the ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia. The first fundamental theory of the Unani system established by Greek philosopher Hippocrates is founded in the belief that the body of the individual is composed of four basic elements, which together, are called 'Anasir-e-Arba' (Hava, Pani, Mitti, Dhup). When the Mongols invaded Persia and Central Asia many scholars and physicians of Unani fled to India and Pakistan which was at that time called Indo - Pak Subcontinent.

According to the Unani discipline as it stands today, the human body is composed of 7 natural and basic components called 'Umoor e Tabaiyah' which are responsible for maintenance of health.

Hence, the UNANI System of addressing whole health considers illness as an event serving to cleans, purify, and balance us on the physical, emotional, mental, and spiritual planes.

Its a brief note on Unani medicine. For further reading, visit these informative websites.
About Unani
Hikmat (Unani Medicine)
Hamdard and Unani

Blue roses

"Blue roses will blossom in the snow,
Before I ever let you go.
Blue roses will grow up to the sky,
Before I ever make you cry."

This time I am sharing with you my love, my impossible love for fantastic blue roses. A book by Ibn al Awam, which was written in the twelfth century, tells us that blue roses were attained by placing a blue dye into the bark of the roots. This process is explained in the book and has been proven to work by Joret, a very knowledgeable french scientist. Blue roses stands for fantasy and impossibility.It is said that the Blue roses traditionally signify mystery or attaining the impossible. They are believed to be able to grant the owner youth or grant wishes. Here I WOULD LIKE TO SHARE WITH YOU A BEAUTIFUL BUT SAD POEM BY Rudyard Kipling mentioning BLUE ROSES.

ROSES red and roses white
Plucked I for my love’s delight.
She would none of all my posies—
Bade me gather her blue roses.

Half the world I wandered through,
Seeking where such flowers grew
Half the world unto my quest
Answered me with laugh and jest.

Home I came at wintertide,
But my silly love had died
Seeking with her latest breath
Roses from the arms of Death.

It may be beyond the grave
She shall find what she would have.
Mine was but an idle quest—
Roses white and red are best!

Blue roses stands for yearning and for hoping for a miracle,new possibilities or opportunities but it is not possible.

Tuesday, December 25, 2007

Neem tree in Pakistan- A brief note -

The Neem tree grows prolifically throughout South Asia, especially most commonly in Pakistan.It is common fact in Pakistan that the origin of all medical practices are basically based on love, compassion and the care for a fellow human being.

Undoubtedly, Pakistan is home to many rich, traditional systems of medicine. Ayurvedic methods date back to 5000 B.C. Along with the Unani, Siddha and Tibetan systems, they remain an important source of everyday health and livelihood for millions of people. And it is here in South Asia that there are more than 8,000 plant species known for medicinal uses.

But it is Neem tree that is also mentioned in ancient Sanskrit texts - and its uses are so varied that this tree is called the "Village Pharmacy" of South Asia. Neem has been widely valued for over 4000 years as a medicine in South Asia. In Persian the Neem tree is referred to as "Azad Darakht-i-Hind", which translates into "the free tree of Hindustan (Indo - Pak Subcontinent)". My main attention is to tell you about the life of Neem tree in Pakistan. It is a common sight in all over Pakistan that a large Neem tree usually stands in the centre of each village and provides shade and cool underneath its branches. In villages there are many benefit uses of Neem tree and it is considered as part of life for centuries.And a glimpse from my past reminds me that the villagers also used the twigs of Neem tree as a natural toothbrush. As I have seen it in my childhood that villagers liked to peel off the bark of the twig and then chew it so that its appear like a soft brush , which then they used to rub around the gums and teeth.

An in the end, I would like to share some lines in praise of Neem's medicinal virtues, taken from an old traditonal proverb:
"The land where the neem tree abound,
Can death, disease there be found?"

Green rose - A sight to behold -

The green rose, though not abundant in nature, is a beautiful sight to behold. But where to find it, I never have seen it in my life.In my opinion if we know the meaning of colours and their properties then its quite easy to know the meaning of flowers. The most significant and popular meaning of the green rose is fertility as the green color symbolizes richness, abundance and bounty.
Green rose also symbolizes self-respect and well being. Being symbolic of all life force, the color green gives a rich meaning to a rose. The freshness of the springtime, the abundance of the rainy season, all is well expressed by the green rose.
A Brief History Of The Green Rose will help us to know that it actually exists.
It was introduced into the flower loving popular culture in 1856 by a British company called Bembridge and Harrison, and has remained a peculiar addition to the rose family ever since.As far as roses go, the green rose is truly a unique specimen and generates not only an incredible, long lasting bloom but also a conversation point.

Now all I can say that the green rose are not yet available to the public but its a need to spread information about the growing of green roses.

I Quote I Echo

"A nation that destroys its soils destroys itself. Forests are the lungs of our land, purifying the air and giving fresh strength to our people."

- Franklin D. Roosevelt

Oak Tree and a myth

Oaks that found in Pakistan are important in ecological terms because they grow only in forests that are mature with plenty of healthy undergrowth in the form of vibrant grasses and bushes and a wide array of specialized tree species. Holly oak is native to the Mediterranean region. The range is from Spain along the Mediterranean fringe east towards western Pakistan. The Holly Oak is a long lived, durable tree that will thrive in almost any location once established and stands up well to strong winds. It provides shade for large areas of the landscape.
This time sharing with you a folklore associated with the god of thunder and it has been said that the fifth day of the week 'Thursday' (Thor’s day) was named after him.
Read this fascinating folklore about the god of thunder.

The Myth

The oak-tree was consecrated to the god of thunder because oaks are said to be more likely to be struck by lightning than other trees.The god most associated with the oak tree is Thor (also known as: Thorr, Thunor, Thonar, Donar, Donner, Thur, Thunar, or Thunaer), who in Norse mythology was the supreme god of thunder and the sky. Thor was the eldest son of Odin, and was second only to him in the hierarchy of the Norse pantheon. He was also one of the most popular of the gods due to his relationship with mankind. Thor is often depicted as a tall, muscular and vigorous man with a red beard. He had an enormous appetite and his ability to eat and drink great quantities is featured in several of his legends. Thor was the principal champion of the gods and the chief protector of humans against giants, trolls, demons and other evil beings. His booming voice and flashing eyes could incite terror in his enemies. He was thought to be good-natured, courageous, benevolent, valiant and always ready to fight to help mankind, but he was also easily irritated and when roused to anger was apt to smash his adversaries to death with a single blow from “Mjolnir” his magical hammer.

Thor was widely worshiped by Norse warriors but was also revered by farmers and peasants because of his capacity to create rain for the crops. Mjolnir the magical hammer was reputedly made by dwarves from the wood of a sacred oak tree, and not only represented the destructive power of the storms Thor created (the fires from heaven), but its image was used as a fertility symbol in marriages (in its connection with rain and crops) and in funerals (as a symbol of death and rebirth), and for accepting newborn children into the community (as a symbol of strength and protection). Such was he revered that the fifth day of the week 'Thursday' (Thor’s day) was named after him.

When travelling Thor rode in a chariot made from oak drawn by two goats, Tanngnjostr (Tooth-gnasher) and Tanngrisnir (Tooth-grinder), and when moving across the heavens dispensing weather, it produced the rumblings of thunder and sparks of lightening from its wheels. Thor and his followers undertook many expeditions to Jotunheim (Iceland) the land of the frost giants, and there erected high-seated pillars of oak. These they used to hallow new ground enabling the gods to protect their people in new lands.

Thor fought many legendary battles against the frost giants defending and protecting mankind as well as the gods. His greatest adversary was the World Serpent called “Jormungand” whose many coils encircled the world. After many battles between them which neither won, they were destined to meet and fight for a final time at “Ragnarok” (the mythical end of the world). At that fatal meeting Thor, the best fighter amongst the gods, succeeded in killing the serpent. However being busy with his own fight, he was too late to aid his father Odin who died fighting the fierce wolf Fenrir. After killing the serpent Thor stepped back and died himself from the poison the serpent had spat at him.

Oak through the ages was revered by many cultures particularly for its protective qualities, and in Britain it still stands proud as the “King of the Forest”. In early Celtic times certain oaks were marked with a protective symbol, a circle divided into four equal parts (symbolic of the four elements - Earth, Air, Fire and Water), this was probably a forerunner of the magic pentacle (an up-right five pointed star in-side a circle, symbolic of the four elements plus “spirit”). Most likely this was an old druidic custom for the druids revered the oak above all other trees, believing it hosted the energy, power and strength of their gods. Due to its size and longevity the oak was known as the “Garden in the Forest”, for it attracts the growth of various forms of plant life.

Taken some data from Oak tree-in worship of trees-

Wednesday, December 12, 2007

Juniperus osteosperma

If I have to choose an evergreen tree, definitely I will choose Juniper. It is said that the age of such trees are more than 1,000 years. Today my main concerned is to tell you something about the image of this tree that I am sharing with you. This tree is about 1.3 m tall and has a strip-bark habit and the only surviving live bark on the trunk is hidden behind and it is on the other side of the tree.

Tuesday, December 11, 2007

Marigold flowers

Marigolds come in different colors, yellow and orange being the most common. It is the most common flower in Pakistan and I found it everywhere in my garden. There are many varieties of Marigolds available today.It is here in Pakistan that Marigold flowers are used as in garlands and for decorating religious statues and buildings. We also used them in weddings and other ceremonies. It is known as gendha in local language.

Monday, December 10, 2007

Attributes of God

We can know Allah by His names and attributes. Allah has given us some information regarding Himself through His names and attributes. There are some attributes showing his love for all.

He has said:

"And do good; Indeed, Allah loves those who do good."
(al-Baqarah 2/195)

And He has said:

"Act equitably; Indeed, Allah loves the equitable."
(al-Hujurat 49/9)

And He has said:

"So long as they are true to you, be true to them; Indeed, Allah loves those who keep their duty."
(at-Tawbah 9/7)

And He has said:

"Truly, Allah loves those who repent, and loves those who care for cleanliness."
(al-Baqarah 2/222)

And He has said:

"Say, [O Muhammad, to mankind]: If you love Allah, follow me; Allah will love you."
(Al'Imran 3/31)

And He has said:

"Allah will redeem a people whom He loves, and who love Him."
(al-Ma'idah 5/54)

And He has said:

"Indeed, Allah loves those who fight in ranks for His cause, as if they were a solid structure."
(as-Saff 61/4)

And He has said:

"He is The Forgiving, The Loving."
(al-Buruj 85/14)

God controls everything

We know Allah by his attributes,here is an attribute of God, the Creator of everything that exists. As it said in The Quran that,

[7:54] "Your Lord is the one GOD, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, then assumed all authority. The night overtakes the day, as it pursues it persistently, and the sun, the moon, and the stars are committed to serve by His command. Absolutely, He controls all creation and all commands. Most Exalted is GOD, Lord of the universe."

We have to believe that God controls everything, God is a forgiving God and an understanding God. As it is said in The Quran that everything belongs to GOD. to God everything is belongs in the heavens and everything on earth, and all matters are controlled by GOD. He is the best Provider. I believe in God so I believe that this creative pulse within me is God 's creative pulse within me . It is all because of Allah that these inspiring words arise in my mind. I thank Allah for my being able to see and to hear this morning. If we believe in Allah , then we Believe that all things are because of Allah, We are nothing without Almighty Allah.

Sacrifice - I poem I echo - 6

A conversation overheard:
“What are you willing
to sacrifice to find Me?”

“Oh my Lord,
I will sacrifice anything to find You!”

“Then sacrifice your pain,
sacrifice your suffering,
and come to Me in your emptiness.”

This collection of Poems will help you to discover yourself and to chose the right path.This poems are full of inspirations and will guide you to turn towards the light and ALL Praise are for Almighty Allah.

Sunday, December 9, 2007

I Quote I Echo - 3

"Keep a green tree in your heart and perhaps a singing bird will come."

- Chinese proverb

Two leopards ‘poisoned by villagers’

Villagers have apparently poisoned and killed two leopards in the Khanpur Forest Range, according to officials. Local people spotted the body of a female leopard on Dec 4 near the Pania Kandi forest, about 45 kilometres from the district headquarters.

The District Range Officer (DRO) of the Wildlife Department said the leopard weighed 45kg and was 7 feet long, adding that she was probably three years old. He said that blood was oozing from the nose and mouth of the dead animal, indicating that she had been poisoned.

The body of another female leopard was spotted in the same area on Friday evening. It was also bleeding from the mouth and nose.

Read full post here::
HARIPUR, Dec 8, Dawn

Centuries Old Banyan tree near Peshawar

Banyan Tree is a sacred tree and it is native to Pakistan and India. There are many folktales related to Banayan tree in our culture.Today, I decided to share another story related to banayan tree which is a part of our culture.

An awe-inspiring centuries old Banyan Tree, standing a few yards away from the magnificent 17th century Mughal Bridge over Bara River here at Choha Gujar village, is direly awaiting attention for its preservation.

The towering Banyan is unique due to its huge and extensive foliage and can be seen from a distance of hundred meters. The giant Banyan tree is 200 feet high and 103 feet wide and its roots encompass over half a kilometer area. Nearby, there is another bunch of 15 similar (smaller) trees.

The tree is hundred of years old and can be termed as unique sample of biodiversity.

About the exact age of the tree, it is clear that the tree is much old and maintained that such trees need to be preserved as an asset for research on plants ailments.

Furthermore, if such trees are lost it will be a big loss to biodiversity and environment of the area. After the passage of few centuries, the tree is still in good condition and gives a fascinating look to the greenery lovers.

According to a book ‘Gardens of Peshawar’ written by a journalist,Imran Rasheed Imran centuries age such Banyan trees were planted along main roads which served as oasis for travellers, who used to cover long distances either by walking or by riding a horseback.

The old Grand Trunk (GT) road which was also called as ‘Jernally Road’ also passed below this tree, he continued. However, later the British rulers changed the route of GT road to the existing one and the tree lost concentration.

A visit to the area revealed that the ancient banyan tree needs attention for preservation because local people consider it sacred and cut its long dangling roots for treatment of mentally retarded patients besides other ailments in adults.

Similarly, people involved in traditional way of treatment also pluck leaves of the tree for collecting sort of liquid resembling milk from it. Milk like liquid extracted from Banyan tree leaves is also used in herbal medicine.

People in the area considered this tree as religiously revered and earlier an annual mela (gathering of people) was also held beneath this huge tree.

However now, the practice of mela has ended with the passage of time, but still people consider the tree as holy and cut its roots and branches for keeping them as sacred relics at their homes.

Development in the area is also causing threat to the tree as some of its branches were chopped off due to construction of a high school and a mosque within its vicinity.

Lal Shah, resident of the area who also claims ownership of the tree, has admitted cutting parts of the tree with the passage of time.

He said once a boy sitting on the top of a bus was hit by a branch of the tree and died. After that incident, he continued, twigs of the tree passing over the road were cut. He said he also restricts people from cutting roots of the tree and plucking of its leaves.

Lal Shah said his maternal family is protecting the tree from generations and he inherited its ownership. He was not aware about the age of the tree but said he heard from his grand mother that it is not centurion but much older than that.

He was also of the view that tree is sacred and earlier pious people performed worship under its shadow. Lal Shah assured that his family would keep on protecting the tree and he has advised his children to take care of it after his death.

Taking notice of the significance of the old banyan tree, Sarhad Conservation Network (SCN), an NGO, has put a board on it inscribed with the Wording which highlights its importance and urges the people not to cut its roots and pluck its leave. There is a need for preservation of the old banyan tree which is also part of our heritage.

The banyan is a sacred tree, environment-friendly and has provided shelter to many generations through the centuries and it is the responsibility of the people and government to save it from destruction.

Similar article::
The Huge Green “Mushroom” Near Adhi

Saturday, December 8, 2007

Marijuana - Health and Medicinal Use

Medical Cannabis refers to the use of the drug cannabis as a physician-recommended herbal therapy, most notably as an antiemetic.

Due to widespread illegal use of cannabis as a recreational drug and several other reasons, its legal or licensed use in medicine is a controversial issue.

Regardless of the benefits of medical cannabis, the widely perceived health risks of smoking as a route of administration have been viewed as a major obstacle for the legal approval of cannabis for medical uses, though some studies indicate that the expectorant activity of THC may help the lungs remove much of the inhaled tar through coughing.

In response to the concerns, several studies have aimed to establish whether or not vaporizers could offer a clinically reliable and safe route of administration for cannabis.

A vaporizer is a device commonly used to release medicinal and/or psychoactive compounds from plant material, probably the most commonly used herb is cannabis, although it can also be used for tobacco or to release certain therapeutic compounds from herbs and other plants, a practice now commonly known as Phyto-Inhalation. For medical or recreational cannabis users, vaporizing is an alternative to smoking. Rather than burning the cannabis, a vaporizer heats it enough (typically around 200 degrees Celsius) so that the volatile psychoactive and medicinal constituents contained in the plant's oily glandular secretions melt and phase into an aromatic vapor that does not contain the particulate matter such as tars and other toxins found in the smoke.

This is the non-smoked method most often recommended as an alternative to smoking. Patients can utilize it for most of the symptoms/conditions for which marijuana is recommended.

Medical cannabis

Medical value


Similar article::
Marijuana - A smoking gun

Marijuana - A smoking gun

Marijuana, the flowers, stems, leaves and seeds of the hemp plant Cannabis sativa, has been used extensively for recreational and quasi-medicinal purposes for thousands of years. The executive summary of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) World Drug Report 2007 states,
“Cannabis is the largest illicit drug market by far, including roughly 160 million annual consumers . . . Reports received by UNODC suggest that cannabis production is taking place in at least 172 countries and territories.”

UNODC estimates indicate that global cannabis production is declining, which may be due to increased eradication. But the scientific knowledge and public perception of the dangers of marijuana use is also undergoing a noteworthy change.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), found in cannabis, has been shown to produce temporary psychotic symptoms including paranoid delusions and hallucinations in some users. Marijuana is usually smoked, and the harmful effects of smoke on the lungs are well-documented. But the psychotic effects seem to be more intense when THC is taken orally (often as a tea or capsules). Although another substance in marijuana (cannabidiol, or CBD) is a relaxant and has historically been thought to calm people with schizophrenia, a recent Yale University study indicated that cannabis use actually exacerbates paranoia and anxiety.

Other recent studies show that the cardiovascular effects include increased heart rate and changed blood pressure with a higher risk of heart attacks. In addition, young cannabis smokers may also be at risk of developing chronic bronchitis, emphysema and a range of other disorders later in life.

According to a 2002 report by the British Lung Association (BLA),
“the tar from a cannabis cigarette contains many of the same (and even higher concentrations of) carcinogenic compounds found in cigarette smoke and deposits four times as much tar on the respiratory tract in comparison to an unfiltered cigarette of the same weight. This amplifies the exposure of cannabis smokers to particles that are known to be involved in the development of lung cancer.”

Marijuana smokers typically inhale more deeply and hold the smoke in the lungs longer than tobacco smokers. Cannabis joints do not usually have filters, and the unfiltered smoke has a higher temperature. The logical conclusion is that marijuana smoking is even more deadly than smoking tobacco.

Taken it from vision, you can read this full post here as Marijuana: Docile Drug or Wicked Weed?

Image credit::

Dust your indoor plants

Its a time to show some care, its a time to dust your indoor plants. Dust and grime on the leaves of your houseplants doesn't just look bad; it can also be harmful to the health of the plant.The best and easiest way to clean the dust off of the leaves of your house plants is to use a soft cotton cloth and warm water. You may also take them outside periodically and hose them down with a spray from the garden hose. Or giving them a shower in your bathtub will work just as well.

I Photo I Echo

This rose is blooming in Rose-Garden, Murree Pakistan.
Uploaded on December 8, 2007

I Poem I Echo - 5

Toward the light

A hand appears
from nowhere bringing life,

a hand appears
bringing death,

a hand appears
bringing gifts of joy and bliss,

a hand appears
bringing sorrow and defeat,

a hand appears
bringing clarity and understanding,

a hand appears
bringing total bewilderment.

All these are nothing but shadows.

To see the Truth,
turn toward the Light

and behold The One who
made the shadows appear.

This collection of Poems will help you to discover yourself and to chose the right path.This poems are full of inspirations and will guide you to turn towards the light and ALL Praise are for Almighty Allah.

Friday, December 7, 2007

I Quote I Echo - 2

"Let me arise and open the gate,
to breathe the wild warm air of the heath,
And to let in Love, and to let out Hate,
And anger at living and scorn of Fate,
To let in Life, and to let out Death."

-Violet Fane-Quote about the Earth.

The wild trees : a story of passion and daring by Richard Preston

I loved this book. But then I have always loved big trees, this book, ultimately, is about people and trees. We need to be a little more understanding of both if either is to survive much longer.

Title: The wild trees : a story of passion and daring
Author: Richard Preston

Discription of Book:
Hidden away in foggy, uncharted rain forest valleys in Northern California are the largest and tallest organisms the world has ever sustained–the coast redwood trees, Sequoia sempervirens. Ninety-six percent of the ancient redwood forests have been destroyed by logging, but the untouched fragments that remain are among the great wonders of nature. The biggest redwoods have trunks up to thirty feet wide and can rise more than thirty-five stories above the ground, forming cathedral-like structures in the air. Until recently, redwoods were thought to be virtually impossible to ascend, and the canopy at the tops of these majestic trees was undiscovered. In The Wild Trees, Richard Preston unfolds the spellbinding story of Steve Sillett, Marie Antoine, and the tiny group of daring botanists and amateur naturalists that found a lost world above California, a world that is dangerous, hauntingly beautiful, and unexplored.

The canopy voyagers are young–just college students when they start their quest–and they share a passion for these trees, persevering in spite of sometimes crushing personal obstacles and failings. They take big risks, they ignore common wisdom (such as the notion that there’s nothing left to discover in North America), and they even make love in hammocks stretched between branches three hundred feet in the air.

The deep redwood canopy is a vertical Eden filled with mosses, lichens, spotted salamanders, hanging gardens of ferns, and thickets of huckleberry bushes, all growing out of massive trunk systems that have fused and formed flying buttresses, sometimes carved into blackened chambers, hollowed out by fire, called “fire caves.” Thick layers of soil sitting on limbs harbor animal and plant life that is unknown to science. Humans move through the deep canopy suspended on ropes, far out of sight of the ground, knowing that the price of a small mistake can be a plunge to one’s death.

Preston’s account of this amazing world, by turns terrifying, moving, and fascinating, is an adventure story told in novelistic detail by a master of nonfiction narrative. The author shares his protagonists’ passion for tall trees, and he mastered the techniques of tall-tree climbing to tell the story in The Wild Trees–the story of the fate of the world’s most splendid forests and of the imperiled biosphere itself.


Reviews on this book

Thursday, December 6, 2007

Staying Awake

The history of tea is literally steeped in legend. No one really knows if all of what you're about to read is really true, but the story is definitely entertaining — so read on.

An alternative legend claims that an Indian prince named Bodhidharma who converted to Buddhism in the sixth century, he was the one responsible for discovering tea in the 6th century. He had left India to go North preaching Buddhism along the way, when visiting China to spread Buddhism, he vowed never to sleep during his seven year meditation. At the end of five years he was overcome with lassitude and drowsiness, but a providential chance made him pick and chew some leaves of an unidentified tree which acted as a stimulant, helping him stay awake.

There is a grisly variation to this myth that comes from Japan. The Japanese version claims that Bodhidharma was so frustrated with his efforts to stay awake that he literally ripped off his eyelids and threw them to the ground. It was there, according to legend, that the first tea plant grew, providing Bodhidharma with the leaves with which to make an elixir that kept him awake and refreshed, for the remaining years of his mission.

history of tea

Tea palace
Serena tea

tea in the beginnings

I Photo I Echo

A local beech tree last autumn, Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

Similar post::
Tree of the Month - The Beech Tree

I Poem I Echo - 4

Depth of Being
The surface of the water
seems like a barrier,
but the surface is only a doorway
into the depths.

That which at first
seemed to be a barrier
will one day be known
as a doorway.

This collection of Poems will help you to discover yourself and to chose right path.

Similar Posts::
label poems

Gem Of The Month - Turquoise brings happiness and good fortune.

Turquoise is a hydrated copper and aluminum phosphate. The name turquoise undoubtedly comes from turc (Turkish in French) as it was transported to Europe through Turkey. Turquoise is one of the world's earliest-used gem materials. The turquoise is ancient, yet again and again it finds itself back in fashion. Turquoise was mined more than 6,000 years ago in Sinai.Its shining sky blue is one of the most popular trend colours in the world of jewellery and fashion.

The blue of turquoise was thought to have powerful metaphysical properties by many ancient cultures. In many cultures of the Old and New Worlds, this gemstone has been esteemed for thousands of years as a holy stone, a bringer of good fortune or a talisman. It really does have the right to be called a 'gemstone of the peoples'. The oldest evidence for this claim was found in Egypt, where grave furnishings with turquoise inlay were discovered, dating from approximately 3000 B.C.. In the ancient Persian kingdom, the sky-blue gemstones were earlier worn round the neck or wrist as protection against unnatural death. If they changed colour, the wearer was thought to have reason to fear the approach of doom. Meanwhile, it has been discovered that the turquoise certainly can change colour, but that this is not necessarily a sign of impending danger. The change can be caused by the light, or by a chemical reaction brought about by cosmetics, dust or the acidity of the skin.

Mystical power:
At all times and over the world, turquoises have been worn as natural protection against the powers of darkness.Turquoise has been thought to warn the wearer of danger or illness by changing color. In the 13th century,turquoise was thought to protect the wearer from falling, especially from horses.The Persian scholar Al-Qazwini, for example, wrote:
'The hand that wears a turquoise and seals with it will never see poverty.'
Turquoises were often worn on the turban, and often surrounded with pearls, in order to protect their wearer against the 'evil eye'. As talismans, they adorned daggers, sabres and the bridles of horses. It was not until the time of the crusades that they came to Europe. Indeed it is from that period that the name 'turquoise' originates, meaning 'Turkish'.

Turquoise is also believed to bring happiness and good fortune to all. It's said that turquoise attracts healing spirits, making it a premier healing stone.
Believed to be a protective stone, turquoise is worn to guard against violence and accidents. Turquoise is also a valuable amulet for travelers.The turquoise is the symbol of friendship. It also brings peace to the home.

This stone is a very personal and meaningful stone to one who wears it. Turquoise takes on the characteristics of the owner.

In modern gemstone therapy, those suffering from depression are recommended to wear a turquoise or a chain with turquoise beads. The turquoise' cheerful colour is said to endow reticent personalities with more confidence. It is also often given as a gift, a stone of friendship, for the turquoise is said to be responsible for faithfulness and constancy in relationships.

Healing ability: Turquoise is said to be a guard against all diseases. It assist in tissue regeneration, subtle body alignment & strengthening. some healing properties of Turquoise are given below,

- Neutralizes overacidity
-Alleviates rheumatism, gout, stomach problems, viral infections
-Increases growth, muscular strength
-Alleviates pain, relaxes cramps
-Contains anti-inflammatory and detoxifying effects
-Application: should be worn on the solar plexus

Heaven on Earth:

Color is of course, turquoise, but this color actually varies from greenish blue to sky blue shades. The best quality turquoises are of a pure, radiant sky blue, a colour which is highly esteemed with or without its fine, regular matrix. The more strongly the colour tends toward green and the more blotchy and more irregular the matrix, the lower the estimate of the stone's quality.

The colour of the turquoise makes us feel happy and cheerful, for in it the light blue of the sky and the stimulating green of the sea are combined. Indeed it is such an inimitable colour that we have coined a term specifically for it in our languages: turquoise. Anyone choosing a turquoise is sure to enjoy a piece of Heaven ... on Earth.

The most well known deposits are in the USA, Mexico, Israel, Iran, Afghanistan and China. The most beautiful turquoises, in a splendid light blue, come from deposits in the north of Iran.

Blue Sky...Blue Stone
crystal cure
Gemstones: Turquoise
gem collections
Turquoise – The Gemstone of Tibet

Similar posts::
Category about gemstones

Wednesday, December 5, 2007

I Quote I Echo - 1

"Live as if your were to die tomorrow. Learn as if you were to live forever."
- Mahatma Gandhi

Love your Earth

"A tree is not just a tree, but it is part of the ecosystem. if you cut a tree, you kill many living things."

Name of design : a tree is not just a tree
Design by : naoya yoko + jun tashiro (agasuke) from japan



Tree of the Month - The Beech Tree

Beech (Fagus) is a genus of ten species of deciduous trees in the family Fagaceae, native to temperate Europe and North America.

The beech most commonly grown as an ornamental tree is the European Beech (Fagus sylvatica), widely cultivated in North America as well as its native Europe.The European species, Fagus sylvatica, yields a utility timber that is tough but dimensionally unstable.
The Dwarf Beech, Fagus sylvatica Tortuosa Group, is a rare Cultivar Group of the European Beech with less than 1500 older specimens in Europe. It is also known as Twisted Beech or Parasol Beech.

The name Beech is in early English boc, bece, or beoce; in German Buche, and in Swedish bok, and signifies either a book or the tree, the two senses being supposed to be connected by the fact that the ancient Runic writings were engraved upon beechen boards.The Beech nuts were food for prehistoric man and are still consumed today. Historians claim that the first written European literature was inscribed on Beech bark in Sanskrit. The English word 'book" comes from the Anglo-Saxon "boc", a derivative for the Anglo-Saxon "beece" or Beech.The annual growth of bark strives to hide the wound of the knife, and ultimately the inscribed name will become buried in the heart of the old tree, to remain ages after that of the lover shall have ceased to beat.

Beech wood is an excellent firewood, easily split and burning for many hours with bright but calm flames. Chips of beech wood are used in the brewing of Budweiser beer as a fining agent. Beech logs are burned to dry the malts used in some German smoked beers, to give the beers their typical flavor.The fruit of the beech, also called "Beechnuts", are found in the small burrs that drop from tree in Autumn. They are small and triangular, are edible, have a sweet taste and are highly nutritious. However, they do contain organic substances which are slightly toxic so that they should not be eaten in larger quantities. The oil pressed from them does not have this effect any more. It was in common use in Europe in times of abundant labor but scarce food sources, such as in Germany in the years immediately after World War II; people would go into the woods and collect beechnuts, then swap them for oil at small private or community-owned oil mills; the mill would keep and sell a certain percentage to cover its operating costs.It is nutritious and rich
in oil and attractive to birds and small mammals including deer and badger. The oil can be extracted and used for culinary purposes.Good for firewood and production of charcoal. It is used for furniture and many other uses such as bowls, spoons, tools, and veneers. Varieties of this tree, also used as ornamentals, include the Copper Beech, Weeping Beech, and Weeping Purple Beech. European Beech is a very popular ornamental tree in parks and large gardens.

But it is in autumn, however, that the beauty of the Beech stands pre-eminent. As it is said,
"The autumnal splendor of every other tree fades before that of the Beech, which continues the longest of all, and under particular circumstances is of the most brilliant description. This arises from its lucid leaves, which vary in hue from auburn to gold color and umber, reflecting back the level rays of the descending sun, and thus burning with pre-eminent luster, like a sudden illumination. Blazing characters irradiate the grove wherever the Beech presents, in spectral pomp, its vivid outline; and if a passing rain-cloud, shrouding for a moment the tree-tops, bear upon its purple breast the glowing Iris, with one limb intermingled with the golden foliage, the splendid effect will long rest upon the memory of the spectator."

The wood of the European Beech is used in the manufacture of numerous objects and implements. Its fine and short grain makes it an easy wood to work with, easy to soak, dye (except its heartwood), varnish and glue. Steaming makes the wood even easier to machine. It has an excellent finish and is resistant to compression and splitting. Milling is sometimes difficult due to cracking and it is stiff when flexed. It is particularly well suited for minor carpentry, particularly furniture. From chairs to parquetry (flooring) and staircases, the European Beech can do almost anything other than heavy structural support, so long as it is not left outdoors. Its hardness make it ideal for making wooden mallets and workbench tops. The wood of the European Beech rots easily if it is not protected by a tar based on a distillate of its own bark (as used in railway sleepers). It is better for paper pulp than many other broadleaved trees though is only sometimes used for this. Common beech is also considered on of the best fuels for fireplaces.

Beech Trees, or "Beechnut Trees" for Fall Foliage
Beech Tree wikkipedia
Beech Tree
European beech
European beech 2

Image credits::
Fall leaves

Dwarf image

Dwarf image 2
Beech image
image beech

Similar article::
Beech - A tree for practical knowledge.

Tuesday, December 4, 2007


In Genesis 3 we find the account of a being in the form of a serpent who deceived the first woman into disobeying God. Here is the initial account of an evil being who is capable of deceiving the whole world and who is the very embodiment of malevolence throughout the entire Bible—the inspirer of evil in countless persons and situations across all of human history.

Despite the breadth of such awful influence, however, this is by no means the whole answer to the origin of evil or its existence. The Bible's explanation of the origin of evil must be pieced together by carefully analyzing numerous scriptures. For example, the previous chapter of Genesis provides us with additional insight into evil's existence and function in the world. We may deepen our understanding of evil by studying the account about the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

tells us that along with all the other trees, God placed two special trees in humanity's original habitat, the Garden of Eden. Our first parents, Adam and Eve, could freely eat of the tree of life, but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil they were not to eat lest they die (Genesis 2:9, 16–17).

These two trees represent two very different kinds of knowledge--two distinct types of thinking and ways of living. The tree of life, as is mentioned from Genesis to Revelation, represents the way to eternal life. It is God's revealed way of successful human living, with thinking and action that is good as defined by God Himself. It is a reflection of His character, in which there is no place for evil—only truth, good and love. Implicitly, this is the way founded on obedience to God's wisdom and way. It is both a mode of behaving and an outcome that God desires for all of humanity. We might call it God's way.

In contrast, however, the tree of the knowledge of good and evil represents a mixed way of thinking and acting—a combination of some good and some evil—the cumulative effect of which leads to death. This second tree represents the way of humanity's self-discovery—working out for oneself what is good and what is evil. Relying on one's own devices and taking to oneself one of God's prerogatives—that is, to decide what is right and what is wrong. We might call this man's way.

God grants humans the freedom to choose between these contrasting ways of living. He wants us to accept him at His word and choose the way of life he designed us to live. But He allows us to elect the alternative, even though He would prefer to spare us the outcome of such a decision. God grants free choice because, above all, He is interested in the formation of our character, which results from the choices we make.

The book of Genesis teaches that Adam and Eve were seduced into making the wrong choice: “Then the Lord God said, ‘Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know [to distinguish between] good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever...’”(Genesis 3:22). Adam and Eve were driven from the garden and thereby prevented from accessing the tree of life (verses 23–24).

Taken this article from vision, you can read the full article here as The Origin of Evil.

Book of genesis
Image credit, Eden

Beech - A tree for practical knowledge.

Getting behind the plants physical,healing and practical qualities is key to understanding their character.

Mythical meanings and qualities of Beech Tree:

The Beech was linked in folklore to granting wishes. Today it might be called the graffiti tree because people would traditionally carve their wishes into the tree or write spells on the wood. This is was seen in later times with lovers putting their initials in the bark.

Beech tree symbolizes prosperity. For wishes to be granted one must communicate truly what is needed or desired. It is the intent that is the secret ingredient, you must take an active part. Step through the opening doors and keep your eye focused firmly on that dream. If this vision involves a partnership, whether romantic or practical, make this commitment public . If it involves material gain, go through the traditional channels of knowledge and education.

Similar article:
Maple tree-A tree to highlight the simple pleasures.


Aspidistra species inhabit the floors of east Asian forests and it also found in Pakistan. True to its tough reputation, the aspidistra made a comeback in recent years, both as a houseplant - with its bold, architectural leaves - and as a foliage, for use by florists. It's equally at home in a darkened corner of the garden as prominently along a sidewalk, and it thrives indefinitely in poor soils, even surviving some drought. If you have to pick a plant for your bathroom, try an aspidistra because for low maintenance they can't be beat.It needs very low light, average temperature and humidity and just occasional watering.


Monday, December 3, 2007

"Speak to the Earth and it will teach you"

Yesterday I was browsing some sites related to my blog's name and by chance I came to know about two really good websites and so I decided to share it in my blog also as it will make my visitors why I have made this blog.

The message of the first website that I explored is that,

"The Earth’s echo lives in each one of us. Some of us are very attuned to recognizing it, and others hear it like a distant drummer, unclear of its source. We each innately know the elements, the cycles, the animal natures, and the plant characteristics, and somewhere in us, we feel how our bodies, emotions and spirits resonate with those echoes. There was a time when everything we knew came from observing the Earth and her beings: the way we discovered movement, expression, emotion, love and communication. All were once drawn from the fascination of the wild. That yearning lives in us still. It is in listening to, and becoming this echo, that we become more balanced, healthy, open, free, and naturally loving and joyful. We remember that all life is sacred."

And another website is Earth Echo, a gallery of peace, love, and light on the internet. I am sharing a poem, The Ancient Plan from this website.

The Ancient Plan

O Ancient Plan,
Reveal my destiny,
Guide my path,
Shape my being.
Birth Yourself in the Temple of my body.
Reveal Yourself in the Life of my spirit.
Animate Yourself by the Love in my soul.
Reflect Yourself by the Light in my life.

A prayer/poem from the
heart of Jean Lauer

Try to browse this page too, The Sharing Gallery is devoted to the work of others who have visited this place. Here you will find art, photography, poetry, and writings. I hope you would like it.

Weather for my blog

For updating weather forecasts, this website will help you to know your local weather. You can also try it in your website or blog. And this is my page, you have to register your account before using it helpful features.

Sunday, December 2, 2007

A tree is dying, why?

Identifying a dead tree is not that simple because there are many situations when a living tree may appear to be dead.While the death of a flower may go unnoticed, a dying tree is something we find to be alarming and sad.

The signs that a tree is dying are many and they differ greatly. Its depends on the type of trees,some of ornamental trees and some other trees starts dropping foliage and bark starts cracking. One sure sign is a lack of leaves or a reduction in the number of leaves produced on all or part of the tree. Other signs of a sick tree include the bark becoming brittle and falling off the tree, limbs dying and falling off or the truck becoming spongy or brittle. Further signs of poor tree health are trunk decay, crown dieback, or both. These symptoms often indicate problems that began several years before.

And what causes a tree to die is that they can be affected by tree diseases, insects, fungus and even old age. Tree diseases vary from species to species, as do the types of insects and fungus that can hurt various types of trees. Environmental factors also causes a tree to die so try to prevent trees from dying as trees are important for own lives. A tree specialist will be able to tell you if you are seeing is about to die. If the problem is treatable, then the specialist will also be able to help the dying tree to survive.

Dead Trees Images:

An Old Sisham Tree

Dead tree, Isn't it still beautiful ??

Beautiful, isn't it??

Dragon tree at Darawar Fort, Cholistan

Saturday, December 1, 2007

Magnolia and its uses

Though all magnolias have been used for practical purposes long before they began to be planted as ornamentals, and all possess similar properties. Some uses of Yulan Magnolia are given below. Yulan magnolia is one of the most ornamental Magnolia trees. The flower buds are used to flavour foods like rice. Flower buds and bark is also used as a tonic, astringent. It is said that a tea from the bark was used as a quinine substitute source. The bark was also sometimes chewed to help with smoking cessation. The wood has also long been used for cabinetry and veneers. Oil is extracted from leaves and flowers. The pounded leaves are used for toothache.

Two species of Magnulia are Cultivated in northern part of Pakistan. The Magnolia is considered to be a symbol of purity in China and Japan. It is native to China.It is known that The Magnolia is the oldest plant in Angiosperm. Magnolia is usually a deciduous tree, their trees are tall and flowers very beautiful. Some magnolias can live as long as over 1,000 years.Magnolia is one of the well-known flowers traditionally cultivated in China, and inspired a lot of verses in praise of it in the ancient and modern time.
Similar articles:
Sweet Magnolia: Tree Bark Extract Fights Bad Breath And Tooth Decay

Yulan Magnolia

Friday, November 30, 2007


Every moment is the perfect consequence
of the moments that have passed.

Every moment is the perfect consequence
of the seeds that have been planted.

Every moment of the future will be a perfect reflection
of the seeds that you are planting right now.

Gem Of The Month - Topaz

Topaz is a fluorine aluminium silicate and comes in yellow, yellow-brown, honey-yellow, flax, brown, green, blue, light blue, red and pink ... and sometimes it has no colour at all.
Topaz is a birthstone for November. In the past topazes have been used to cure bad vision. The topaz is attributed with a cooling, styptic and appetising effect. It is said to dispel sadness, anger and nocturnal fears, to warn its wearer of poisons and protect him or her from sudden death.
Topazes were also used in the middle age against the Bubonic plague. In the ancient medicine the powder of this mineral, mixed with wine was used to prevent asthma and insomnia.Topaz is still the stone of the intelligence, long life, beauty and loyalty.


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